The Stoa Basileios (The Royal Walk)

This structure is located to the south west of the Odeon and north of the Agora. According to the inscription found within the structure it was constructed in the 1st century A.D. by C. Sextilius Pollio and his daughter Ofilia Bassa. The Stoic Basilica was 165 meters long, of two stores and three naves. There were 67 columns in the Ionic order carrying bull-head capitals, which formed the middle nave and these columns, destroyed by an earthquake only 12 years after its construction, were rebuilt and the rear wall of the structure was reconstructed using marble orthostat blocks and structure and strengthened by adding additional columns with Corinthian capitals between the inner columns. The west part of the Stoa was covered by a Khalkidikum during the reign of Emperor Nero. The platform constructed of rusticated masonry, where the path from the Prytaneion meets Domitianus square, extends for 15.90 meters in front of the west wall of the Government Agora. This stoa, which was connected to the middle nave of the Basilica by an arch and which was constructed with half-columns in the Ionic order and wall supports, accords with the additional Basilica structures described by Vitruvius (V 1,4) as being Khalkidikum. The three chambers of this structure are accessed through three gates from the Domitianus Square. Facing the Domitianus Square, on the gates there is a wall architrave upon which some letters forming the inscription have been intentionally removed and replaced by bronze letters. This inscriptions with its missing letters is thought to have been connected with Emperor Nero who reigned from 42 to 68 A.D. In Late Antiquity, during the reign of Theodosius , some parts of this stoa were demolished and the whole structure was than converted into a church with an apse added to western side and this structure was than known as the Bazaar of Theodosius. There is a Khalkidikum ceremonial gate to the east of this structure and this gate was decorated with statues of the Emperor Octavianus Augustus and his wife Livia. These statues are today exhibited in the Museum of Ephesus.