The Marble Street

Kuretes Street ended at the corner of the Library Agora. The Marble Street started from the side of the Library Agora, passed from the eastern corner of the Tetragonos Agora and reached the Theatre Court without spoiling the integrity of the street. This was main Street of Ephesus during the Empire period and it was at the same time the primary religious ceremonial (processional) street and this street was completely paved in marble. There were stoas for pedestrians along both sides of this street, along which vehicles passed. The main sewage pipes passing under Kuretes Street at the Library Court divided into two, with one section continuing to the Western Gate beneath the Tetragonos Agora. The other running beneath the Marble Street. There was the Stoa of Nero on the western side of the city and another stoa which ended by the analemma wall at the northern side of the grand theatre to the east. There were one-room lodgings employed for trade purposes behind the columns of the eastern stoa and there were the entrances of the humble and multistoried residences, only few of which have been excavated. The Stoa of Nero extending along the western side of the Marble Street, was elevated 1.70m. above Street level and there was an arched entrance gate near its northern edge. The terrace wall of the Stoa of Nero was constructed with bossed masonry blocks. There was a depiction of a heart punctured with an arrow and a foot, and an effigy of a woman of Polos engraved on a marble block that were found close to the middle of the stoa. The depiction of the heart indicates the love houses and the effigy of the woman of Polos indicates the library as noted above is related by some. In later periods this street intersected with the city walls adjacent to the rear wall of the theatre strage building where a “city gate” with grand marble doorpost was constructed from reused blocks. Widening out behind this gate, the street continued to the Arkadiane and to the Theatre Court, where large stairs provided entry to the theatre.