The Building of Pollio and The Fountain of Domitianus

The Building of Polio:
This monument, which faces the Domitianus Square, in front of the west terrace wall of the Government Agora, is between the Khalkidikum and the Fountain of Domitianus. It was constructed by the foster son of C.Sextilius Pollio, because of this important contributions to the city of Ephesus, in this area which was allotted by the city of administration in honor of C. Sextilius Pollio and this monument is also the cenotaph of C. Sextilius Pollio. It is known from the Latin and Greek inscriptions that this structure was constructed in 92-93 A.D. There is a monumental pedestal (partially repaired or reconstructed) covered with marble pseudoizodom slabs over a ruble base covering an area of 8×65 and was 6.4m. in hight. The structure has two doorposts on two sides that merge with a grand niche. The smaller niche on its western side, surrounded by thin wall supports, is the sole ornament on this monument.

The Fountain of Domitianus:
This fountain, which faces Domitianus Street and has a large pool in front of it, provided Domitianus Street with a monumental appearange with the fountain of Leakanius Bassus (hydrekdokheion), which provided the water distribution point for Ephesus. From the inscriptions this fountain was constructed in 92/93 A.D. The front of the fountain formed a large arch, decorated with two acanthus leaves on two sides and which was restored as two doorpost in a combination of concrete and marble. There was a space behind the front of the fountain, which resembled in shape a large apse. Among the decoration of the fountain in the niche section in the middle (exhibited in chamber 2 of the Seljuk Museum of ephesus). There was a grup of statues that depicted the adventured Odysseus and his friend Polyphemos, which had been taken from another structure. The water brought from Mount Bülbül by way of the Great Marnas water line, was distributed to the Government Agora, from where it was connected to the fountain of Laekanius Bassus (hydrekdokheion). It can be inferred, from the fact that the water pipe which continued from the Hydrekdokheion ended in this fountain and there are statues of the River Gods Marnas and the Klaseas in the north and south aediulas and the statue of Zeus on the west aedicula, that this structure was a monumental fountain. It was repaired during the reign of Constantinus II.