The Arkadiane (Harbour Street)

This marble Street that extends from the theatre to the harbor is 11 meters wide and 528 meter long (equal to 1.800 foot or 3 stadion). This Street was an importance structure of the city, as from the Early Roman Period many kings, emperors, council from other cities and merchants coming by sea to Ephesus were officially greeted here. There is also a huge sewage channel under this Street, which comes from the Marble Street and extends to the harbor. This Street established in the Early Roman period, was restored after the earthquakes of 359-366 A.D. by Emperor Arkadius(395-408A.D.)with reused materials and the stoas on both sides of the Street were rebuilt. It is known that there was Street lighting on the Arkadiane in the 5th century A.D. The Street starts with a gate and ends in another gate. In the 6th century A.D. there was a structure in the middle of the Street, constructed of four great columns, situated randomly on square pedestals with stairs. The 2 m. high circular pedestals adorned with the symbols of Christianity are decorated with niches and columns on the sides. There are columns postaments, a grand column and a column capital on top of the circular pedestals. It is thought that there were statues of the four Evangelists on top of these four columns capitals. Thus the Christianity of the Ephesians was demonstrated to visitors to the city who arrived at the harbor.